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Mika的黑克糖

我爱音乐 我爱电影 我爱动画

 
 
 

日志

 
 

汤姆·汉克斯  

2008-09-13 22:26:01|  分类: 明星档 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

中文译名:汤姆·汉克斯

英文名:Tom Hanks

出生日期:1956年7月9日

出生地:美国加利福尼亚州康克特

星座:巨蟹座

身高:185公分

体重:81公斤

配偶:丽塔·威尔森

运动:棒球(喜欢几乎所有的棒球队)、钓鱼(然后把它们放回去)

物品:老式打字机、老唱片、书籍

学科:天文学(观察流星雨)

影视类型:人物纪实影片、保罗·格拉斯导演的电影、纪录片

电影: 《第三类接触》、《2001太空漫游》、《大象》(Gus van Sant)

电视:看得很少一般比较常看体育、新闻

书籍:Chiam Potok 和 Maeve Binchy写的所有书、散文书刊

好莱坞众多明星中,有谁能从令人同情的“同性恋”演到憨厚的“低能儿”、从临危不惧的“宇航员”演到英勇无比的“二战大兵”,且部部叫好卖座?汤姆-汉克斯做到了。

汤姆天生一张娃娃脸,相貌平平,极具喜感的脸加上逗趣生动的演技,无论什么角色,一经他的表演,就变得有血有肉,令人难以忘怀。他曾于1994,1995年获得奥斯卡最佳男主角奖,他是当今好莱坞最具影响力的电影明星之一,“好莱坞黄金时代领头雁的再生”。

汤姆·汉克斯于1956年7月9日出生于美国加利福尼亚州奥克兰市,全名叫托马斯·J·汉克斯。父亲艾摩斯·汉克斯是厨师,母亲珍娜·特纳在医院工作。在他5岁时,父母离异,他由当厨师的父亲抚养长大。其后,父亲又结过两次婚,汉克斯又换了两个妈妈,未满10岁的他经常性地经历迁移漂泊的生活,频繁地转学,更换住址。成年后的汉克斯很不愿提起他并不美满的童年。但也正因如此,生活使他学会用一种乐观积极的态度去面对人生。“过去的经验培养出我独立自主的精神”,使他学会用一种乐观积极的态度去面对人生。直到他在加利福尼亚州大学读书时,才突然对表演产生了浓厚的兴趣,加入了学校组织的剧社,从而接触到了专业的知识培养与演技训练。毕业后,汉克斯来到纽约寻求演艺事业的发展。

由于汉克斯的聪明好学,仅过3年, 他就在《快乐频道》中担任了一个好男人的角色。1979年,汉克斯首次在一部低成本的电影《他知道你孤独》(He Knows You’re Alone)中扮演角色,该片在1980年公映,一代奥斯卡影帝的演艺生涯迈出了第一步。 不久,他搬到洛杉矶并主演了电视连续剧《红妆小子》(Bosom Buddies)。与此同时,他还参加了其他的一些电视剧的演出,比如“Taxi”、“Family Ties”,比较有名的一部是《迷宫与怪兽》(Mazes and Monsters)。汉克斯在1984年担纲演出由迪斯尼公司制作出品的《美人鱼》(Splash)获得的成功,使他开始走上成名之路,但随后情况却不让人乐观。一连串的失败并没有使这位才华横溢的小伙子退缩,1988年,汉克斯领衔主演《飞向未来》(《BIG》1988)大获成功,影片中因其出神入化、形象生动地扮演了一个一夜之间长大成36岁男子的12岁男孩的角色,成功的赋于了孩童的纯真、幽默与顽皮在一个成熟男人的身上,为此他一举获得包括奥斯卡、金球、学院、纽约电影批评家等四个奖项的最佳男主角提名奖。

汉克斯将自己对生活的体验与理解渗透在影片表演之中,往往带有一种全新的创造,他对喜剧的理解不再是直觉的感触,而是真正体会到了喜剧的深层内涵。他开始对自己作进一步的尝试,拓宽戏路,证明自己并非只是一个会“搞笑”的银幕明星。随着《虚荣的篝火》(《Bonfire of the vanities》1990)与《红粉联盟》(《A league of their own》1992)的极获成功,《西雅图夜未眠》(《Sleepless in SEATTLE》1993)向汉克斯提供了一次展现自己真正的喜剧天才与成熟演技的机会。他扮演的那位诚实正直,忠厚善良,随和机智,幽默风趣,又带有一种淡淡的忧郁的父亲的形象赢得了广大的观众,好评如潮,赞赏铺天,并成为汉克斯演技生涯中的大转折。

春风得意的汉克斯在1994年迎来了前所未有的荣誉,由于在影片《阿甘正传》(Forrest Gump)中的成功演绎,汉克斯又一次赢得了奥斯卡最佳男主角的金像奖座,并成为有史以来第二位连续两届获得奥斯卡最佳男主角奖的演员(第一位是史宾塞.屈塞 第10届和第11届)。影帝的桂冠也由此稳稳地落在他的头上。

1996年,汉克斯开始涉足新的领域,这一年他自编、自导、自演了影片《挡不住的奇迹》( That Thing You Do),充分展示了他多才多艺的一面。

1999年,由著名导演斯皮尔博格执导的影片《拯救大兵瑞恩》给汉克斯带来了新的荣誉——第七十一届奥斯卡最佳男主角提名奖,更让人们看到了一个演技日趋成熟的影帝的形象。

汉克斯开始用一种属于自己风格的,娴熟的驾驭能力去注释角色,而不是迁就角色本身。在《费城》(《Philadelphia》1993)中,汉克斯对自己实现了重大突破。他饰演一位同性恋律师因患艾滋病而受到不公正待遇但勇于面对,坚持斗争,并最终取得胜利。这是对他演技的一次严重挑战,为此汉克斯亲身体验、采访病人,节食、检制心理情绪,作了大量准备工作,他付出了巨大的牺牲,但也因此收到了满意的回报。影片成为众人瞩目的焦点,引起了巨大社会反响,而他本人也因之成为第66届奥斯卡影帝。第二年,他又因成功出色地扮演了影片《福雷斯特·冈普》(《Forrest Gump》1994,又译作《阿甘正传》)中那位具有坚强毅力、忠厚诚实的残疾人而再次获得奥斯卡最佳男主角金像奖。并因为这部影片在美国形成一个以阿甘为模范的社会公德运动,汉克斯成为一代美国青年心中崇拜的偶像明星。1995年,汉克斯主演了纪实性的巨片《阿波罗13号》(《Apollo 13》),为纪念美国航空史上“虽败犹荣”的奇迹,他再次拓展了角色的内涵,将历史的英雄再现银幕。

1989年,汉克斯与在电影《志愿者》(Volunteers)合作过的女演员Rita Wilson 结婚。到目前为止,他已经拥有了四个儿子,其中老大Colin Hanks已长大成人,形象颇有乃父风采,一家人生活非常幸福。

双亲:Amos and Janet Hanks 在汉克斯5岁时离异。四个孩子中的三个老大包括汉克斯住在Amos。他的父母最后再婚,Amos由于肾衰竭于1990年去世。

姐弟:Sandra 家中最大的孩子(比汉克斯大5岁),她同一英国警察结婚,住在英国小城Bournemouth,她是作家还是环保家。Larry 她是家中老二(比汉克斯大3岁)。Jim 他是家中最小的(比汉克斯小5岁)也是为演员,经常和哥哥一起演出。

配偶:Samantha Lewis 汉克斯的大学情人,他们于1978年结婚(在他们的第一个儿子Colin出生2个月后),他们在1985年分手,于1987年离异。Rita Wilson 汉克斯现在的妻子,他们在"Bosom Buddies"结识,直到共同出演Volunteers(1985)后,他们开始成为并坠入爱河。1988年4月30日他们在纽约举行了希腊传统式婚礼。

孩子:Colin (生于1978) ,Elizabeth (生于1982),Chester Marlon [Chet] (生于1990年8月),Truman Theodore (生于1995年10月26日)。

2008 - 妈妈咪呀 制片

2008 - 伟大的巴克霍华德 演出/制片

2007 - 查理的战争

2006 - The code of Dan Vince 达芬奇密码

2004 - TheTerminal 幸福终点站

2004 - The Polar Express极地特快

2004 - Ladykiller 师奶杀手

2002 - Road to Perdition 毁灭之路

2002 - Catch Me If You Can 猫鼠游戏

2002 - My Big Fat Greek Wedding 我的希腊婚礼 制片

2001 - "Band of Brothers" (mini) 兄弟连 导演/制片/编剧

2000 - Cast Away 荒岛余生 演出/制片

1999 - Toy Story 2 玩具总动员2

1999 - The Green Mile 绿色奇迹

1998 - Saving Private Ryan 拯救大兵瑞恩

1998 - Youve Got Mail 电子情书

1998 - "From the Earth to the Moon" (mini) 从地球到月球 导演/制片/编剧

1996 - That Thing You Do! 挡不住的奇迹 演出/导演/音乐/编剧

1995 - Apollo 13 阿波罗13号

1995 - Toy Story 玩具总动员

1994 - Forrest Gump 阿甘正传

1993 - Philadelphia 费城故事

1993 - Sleepless in Seattle 西雅图不眠夜

1993 - "Fallen Angels" 堕落天使

1992 - Radio Flyer 海阔天空

1992 - League of Their Own, A 女子棒球队

1990 - The Bonfire of the Vanities, 虚荣的篝火

1990 - Joe Versus the Volcano 魔岛仙踪

1989 - The burbs 邻居

1989 - Turner & Hooch 福星与福将

1988 - Big 大人

1988 - Punchline 头条笑料

1987 - Dragnet 法网

1986 - Every Time We Say Goodbye 战火爱火

1986 - Nothing in Common 对头冤家

1986 – The Money Pit, 钱坑

1985 - Volunteers 志愿者

1985 - The Man with One Red Shoe 穿一只红鞋的男人

1984 - Splash 现代美人鱼

1984 - Bachelor Party 疯狂今晚夜

1982 - Mazes and Monsters (TV) 虚幻游戏

1980 - He Knows Youre Alone 血红溅白纱

汤姆·汉克斯 Tom Hanks

性别:男 生于:1956-07-09 出生地:Concord, California, USA   

曾经作为:  演员  导演  编剧  

演员:

1.《达·芬奇密码》The Da Vinci Code AS …… 罗伯特·兰登 Robert Langdon (2006)  

2.The Risk Pool AS …… Sam Hill (2006)  

3.Charlie Wilson's War AS …… Charlie Wilson (2006)  

4.The 78th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Presenter: Best Director/Pre-recorded comedy segment (2006)  

5.《谁毁了电动车?》Who Killed the Electric Car? AS …… Himself (2006)  

6.Cannes 2006: Crónica de Carlos Boyero AS …… Himself (archive footage) (2006)  

7.The Great Buck Howard (2006)  

8.Corazón de... Episode dated 17 May 2006 AS …… Himself (2006)  

9.The Tonight Show with Jay Leno Episode dated 12 May 2006 AS …… Himself (2006)  

10.The 48th Annual Grammy Awards AS …… Presenter (2006)  

11."I Love the '90s: Part Deux" AS …… (archive footage) (2005)  

12.A Cold Case AS …… Andy Rosenzweig (2005)  

13.AFI Tribute to George Lucas AS …… Himself (2005)  

14.Oficio de actor, El AS …… Himself (archive footage) (2005)  

15.Earth to America AS …… Himself (2005)  

16.《猫王不在了》Elvis Has Left the Building AS …… Mailbox Elvis (2004)  

17.《两极速递》The Polar Express AS …… Hero Boy/Father/Conductor/Hobo/Scrooge/Santa Claus (2004)  

18.《幸福终点站》The Terminal AS …… Viktor Navorski (2004)  

19.《师奶杀手》The Ladykillers AS …… Professor G.H. Dorr (2004)  

20.Saturday Night Live: The Best of Tom Hanks AS …… Himself/Various (archive footage) (2004)  

21.2004 World Series AS …… Himself - Crowd Member (2004)  

22.101 Most Unforgettable SNL Moments AS …… Himself/various characters (archive footage) (2004)  

23.World War II Memorial Dedication AS …… Himself; guest speaker (2004)  

24.Saving Private Ryan: Re-creating Omaha Beach AS …… Himself (2004)  

25.Inside 'The Terminal' AS …… Himself (2004)  

26.101 Biggest Celebrity Oops AS …… Himself (archive footage) (2004)  

27.Geschichte des erotischen Films, Die AS …… (archive footage) (2004)  

28.Saturday Night Live: The Best of Christopher Walken AS …… Himself (archive footage) (uncredited) (2004)  

29.GMTV Episode dated 2 September 2004 AS …… Himself (2004)  

30.《乔治哈里森的音乐会》Concert for George AS …… Himself (2003)  

31.Rebels of Oakland: The A's, the Raiders, the '70s AS …… Himself (Oakland Resident 1966-1976) (2003)  

32.Horatio's Drive: America's First Road Trip AS …… Horatio Nelson Jackson (voice) (2003)  

33.Intimate Portrait: Penny Marshall AS …… Himself (2003)  

34.'Catch Me If You Can': Behind the Camera AS …… Himself (2003)  

35.《第75届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 75th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Past winner (2003)  

36.Hollywood Celebrates Denzel Washington: An American Cinematheque Tribute AS …… Himself (2003)  

37.People Like Us: Making 'Philadelphia' AS …… Himself (2003)  

38.Horatio's Drive: America's First Road Trip AS …… Horatio Nelson Jackson (voice) (2003)  

39.《毁灭之路》Road to Perdition AS …… Michael 'Mike' Sullivan (2002)  

40.《逍遥法外》Catch Me If You Can AS …… Carl Hanratty (2002)  

41.The 54th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards AS …… Himself (2002)  

42.AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Tom Hanks AS …… Himself/Honoree (2002)  

43.The Making of 'Road to Perdition' AS …… Himself (2002)  

44.The Honeymooners 50th Anniversary Celebration AS …… Himself (2002)  

45.《第74届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 74th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Presenter: Best Picture (2002)  

46.Richard & Judy Episode dated 18 September 2002 AS …… Himself (2002)  

47.The Rutles 2: Can't Buy Me Lunch AS …… Interviewee (2002)  

48.《兄弟连》"Band of Brothers" AS …… British officer (2001)  

49.《美利坚向英雄致敬》America: A Tribute to Heroes AS …… Himself (2001)  

50.《《兄弟连》幕后花絮》The Making of 'Band of Brothers' AS …… Himself (2001)  

51.The Making of 'Cast Away' AS …… Himself (2001)  

52.Wilson: The Life and Death of a Hollywood Extra AS …… Himself (2001)  

53.Rescued From the Closet AS …… Himself (2001)  

54.《第73届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 73rd Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Nominee: Best Actor in a Leading Role & Co-Presenter: Writing Awards (2001)  

55.7th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards AS …… Himself (2001)  

56.The Orange British Academy Film Awards AS …… Himself (2001)  

57.What Lies Beneath: Constructing the Perfect Thriller AS …… Himself (2001)  

58.Saturday Night Live Episode #26.11 AS …… Himself (uncredited) (2001)  

59.《浩劫重生》Cast Away AS …… Chuck Noland (2000)  

60.《拍摄战争》Shooting War AS …… Himself/Narrator (2000)  

61.Walking the Mile AS …… Himself (2000)  

62.2000 Blockbuster Entertainment Awards AS …… Presenter (uncredited) (2000)  

63.Twentieth Century Fox: The Blockbuster Years AS …… Himself (2000)  

64.Lord Stanley's Cup: Hockey's Ultimate Prize AS …… Himself (archive footage) (uncredited) (2000)  

65.Behind the Scenes: Cast Away AS …… Himself (2000)  

66.《绿色奇迹》The Green Mile AS …… Paul Edgecomb (1999)  

67.《玩具总动员2》Toy Story 2 AS …… Sheriff Woody (voice) (1999)  

68.The Miracle of 'The Green Mile' AS …… Himself (1999)  

69.《第71届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 71st Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Nominee: Best Actor in a Leading Role (1999)  

70.Saturday Night Live: Game Show Parodies AS …… Himself (1999)  

71.Saturday Night Live: 25th Anniversary AS …… Himself (1999)  

72.Stephen King: Shining in the Dark AS …… Himself (1999)  

73."Celebrity Profile" AS …… Himself (1999)  

74.《从地球到月球》"From the Earth to the Moon" AS …… Jean-Luc Despont/Host/Narrator (1998)  

75.《拯救大兵瑞恩》Saving Private Ryan AS …… Capt. John Miller (1998)  

76.《电子情书》You've Got Mail AS …… Joe Fox aka NY152 (1998)  

77.《克里斯托夫·里夫:心愿晚会》Christopher Reeve: A Celebration of Hope AS …… Himself (1998)  

78.《视效大师:雷哈利韩森传》The Harryhausen Chronicles AS …… Himself (archive footage) (1998)  

79.Return to Normandy AS …… Himself (1998)  

80.《进入海滩:《雷霆救兵》》Into the Breach: 'Saving Private Ryan' AS …… Himself (1998)  

81.Saturday Night Live: The Best of Mike Myers AS …… Himself (Guest Host) (1998)  

82.HBO First Look Saving Private Ryan AS …… Himself (1998)  

83.《我是你孩子》I Am Your Child AS …… Himself (1997)  

84.《《玩具总动员》幕后花絮》The Story Behind 'Toy Story' AS …… Himself (1997)  

85.《挡不住的奇迹》That Thing You Do! AS …… Mr. White (1996)  

86.The 68th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Presenter: Best Actress (1996)  

87.Lost Moon: The Triumph of Apollo 13 AS …… Himself (1996)  

88.Saturday Night Live Episode #22.1 AS …… Himself - Host (1996)  

89.《阿波罗13号》Apollo 13 AS …… Jim Lovell (1995)  

90.《电影中的同志》The Celluloid Closet AS …… Himself (1995)  

91.《玩具总动员》Toy Story AS …… Woody (voice) (1995)  

92.50 Years of Funny Females AS …… Himself (archive footage) (1995)  

93.《第67届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 67th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Best Actor Winner/Presenter: Best Actress (1995)  

94.The American Film Institute Salute to Steven Spielberg AS …… Himself (host) (1995)  

95.Hasty Pudding Awards AS …… Himself (1995)  

96.1st Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards (1995)  

97.《阿甘正传》Forrest Gump AS …… Forrest Gump (1994)  

98.《迪斯尼的奇妙世界:四十年电视魔术》The Wonderful World of Disney: 40 Years of Television Magic AS …… Himself (1994)  

99.《第66届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 66th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Winner: Best Actor in a Leading Role & Presenter: Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (1994)  

100.Vault of Horror I (1994)  

101.《透过阿甘看世界》Through the Eyes of Forrest Gump AS …… Himself (1994)  

102.《费城》Philadelphia AS …… Andrew Beckett (1993)  

103.《西雅图夜未眠》Sleepless in Seattle AS …… Sam Baldwin (1993)  

104.《第65届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 65th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Co-Presenter: Documentary Awards (uncredited) (1993)  

105.《女子棒球队》A League of Their Own AS …… Jimmy Dugan (1992)  

106.《海阔天空》Radio Flyer AS …… Older Mike (uncredited) (1992)  

107.Saturday Night Live: Presidential Bash AS …… Peter Jennings (archive footage) (1992)  

108.Wogan Episode dated 14 June 1991 AS …… Himself (1991)  

109.《虚荣的篝火》The Bonfire of the Vanities AS …… Sherman McCoy (1990)  

110.《跳火山的人》Joe Versus the Volcano AS …… Joe Banks (1990)  

111.《第62届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 62nd Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Co-Presenter: Best Cinematography (1990)  

112.《古惑丑拍档》Turner & Hooch AS …… Det. Scott Turner (1989)  

113.Saturday Night Live: 15th Anniversary AS …… Himself (1989)  

114.《地狱来的芳邻》The 'burbs AS …… Ray Peterson (1989)  

115.《第61届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 61st Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself/nominee (best leading actor "Big") (1989)  

116.《头条笑料》Punchline AS …… Steven Gold (1988)  

117.《飞进未来》Big AS …… Josh (1988)  

118.《法网》Dragnet AS …… Pep Streebeck (1987)  

119.《第59届奥斯卡颁奖典礼》The 59th Annual Academy Awards AS …… Himself - Presenter: Best Short Film, Animated (1987)  

120.《对头冤家》Nothing in Common AS …… David Basner (1986)  

121.《战火爱火》Every Time We Say Goodbye AS …… David (1986)  

122.《钱之坑》The Money Pit AS …… Walter Fielding, Jr. (1986)  

123.《红鞋男子》The Man with One Red Shoe AS …… Richard (1985)  

124.《自愿者》Volunteers AS …… Lawrence Bourne III (1985)  

125.《现代美人鱼》Splash AS …… Allen Bauer (1984)  

126.《虚幻游戏》Mazes and Monsters AS …… Robbie Wheeling (1982)  

127.Bosom Buddies Not the Last Picture Show AS …… Kip 'Buffy' Wilson (1982)  

128.《亲密伙伴》"Bosom Buddies" AS …… Kip 'Buffy' Wilson (1980)  

129.《血红溅白纱》He Knows You're Alone AS …… Elliot (1980)  

130.Making a 'Splash' (2004) AS …… Himself  

131.'Saving Private Ryan': Miller and His Platoon (2004) AS …… Himself  

132.'Saving Private Ryan': Parting Thoughts (2004) AS …… Himself  

133.Making 'Saving Private Ryan' (2004) AS …… Himself  

134.Take Off: Making 'The Terminal' (2004) AS …… Himself  

135.Why Shakespeare? (2005) AS …… Himself  

136.The Island (2001) AS …… Himself  

137.Best of Saturday Night Live: Special Edition (1992) AS …… Various characters (archive footage)  

138.Toy Story 2 (1999) AS …… Woody  

139.'Saving Private Ryan': Boot Camp (2004) AS …… Himself (attached)  

140.Boarding: The People of 'The Terminal' (2004) AS …… Himself  

141.2nd Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards  

导演:  

1.《兄弟连》"Band of Brothers" (2001)  

2.《从地球到月球》"From the Earth to the Moon" (1998)  

3.《堕落天使》"Fallen Angels" (1996)  

4.《挡不住的奇迹》That Thing You Do! (1996)  

5.Vault of Horror I (1994)  

6.《女子棒球队》"A League of Their Own" (1993)  

7.A League of Their Own Marathon AS …… (episode "The Monkey's Curse") (1993)  

8.《魔界奇谭》"Tales from the Crypt" (1989)  

9.Untitled John Adams Miniseries (2007) AS …… (multiple episodes)  

编剧:  

1.《兄弟连》"Band of Brothers" AS …… part 1 and (2001)  

2.《从地球到月球》"From the Earth to the Moon" AS …… segments 6, 7, 11, 12 (1998) 

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